Software Stacks Market Share: First Quarter of 2016

| April 14, 2016

Time flies insensibly and today we are here again to present the report on the first quarter of 2016th software stacks market share. For the case you’ve missed it, check our previous statistics article with the passed year summary, to get a better view on the current software distribution trends around the world.

At the beginning, as usual, we are pleased to introduce our new partner: TechEquity from the United Kingdom

This time, we’ve also added some new statistics for the current situation at a market to be represented more precise. Within these confines, the data on the Tomcat 8 application server usage (as one of the most popular cartridges among our users), the newest PHP 7 engine and distribution of the provided Node.js versions was included.

We hope, that all of this information will come in handy for you, so let’s go on!

Programming Languages

As usual, we’ll start with the most important and intriguing data gathered - the general programming languages’ distribution ratio.

The first quarter of 2016 brought some noticeable deviations in users’ preferences. After the conspicuous spike at the middle of 2015, PHP was pushed back to 41%. Herewith, Java continues to hold the leading position and even managed to conquer another 5%, holding more than a half of the general share (53%). As for the less popular language choices, Ruby, Python and Node.js got 2%, 1% and 3% correspondingly.image20

The more detailed data can be revealed through monitoring of distribution by regions. According to it, the highest usage of Java is still observed in India - 82%, while developers in Luxemburg prefer PHP - 78% of choices. At the same time, much changes in Ruby and Node.js regional preferences have occurred - both of them were mostly used at Switzerland (with 13% and 10% shares respectively). As for the Python leadership cup, it was moved from Belarus to Japan (7%).image02

The exact percentage is presented in the table below:image05

Database Servers

Databases market stays stable - MySQL leads with 65% part, overtaking its competitors a lot. However, the second by popularity MariaDB managed to grow its share by 6% (to 16% in total). The rest of databases’ rates remained almost unchanged: PostgreSQL got 13%, MongoDB - 7% and CouchDB failed to get even 1% of choices.image22

Regionally, the new leader in MySQL usage became Moldova, with as much as 90% of choices. Similarly to the previous quarter, MariaDB is majorly preferred in Finland (41%), whilst the biggest amount of PostgreSQL and MongoDB developers live in the South Africa (33%) and Switzerland (20%). And the only countries, where CouchDB is still used, are the USA and Russia.image01

Check the details in the following spreadsheet.image13

Java Application Servers

Analyzing the previous year stacks’ usage statistics, we’ve noticed another major player in Java application servers market - Tomcat 8. Despite the fact this node is optional (since it’s implemented as a cartridge at Jelastic), it’s commonly available at the majority of our partners’ platforms and is widely used by developers.

So, after this newcomer joined the rating, the shares have been distributed as following:

  • Tomcat 7 remains the most common choice among developers (74%)
  • Tomcat 8 rushed to the second position at once, holding as much as 12%
  • GlassFish is still a popular alternative (9%)
  • Tomcat 6, Jetty and TomEE aren’t in great request and hold 2%, 2% and 1% of the market respectivelyimage14

As for the distribution by countries, Tomcat 7 dominates in almost all regions (with the most choices in South Africa - 96%) except Australia, where it gave a way for Tomcat 8 (used in 60% of cases). The highest rate of GlassFish usage was detected in Colombia - 19%, while for Tomcat 6 it is only 11% (Japan). Jetty got the maximum results in Italy and the Netherlands (8% in both), and TomEE didn’t manage to reach at least 5% point at any country.image24

For more precise data, examine the next table:image11

PHP Application Servers

The general distribution of PHP app servers popularity hasn’t experienced essential changes. As usual, the preference was given to Apache - 77%, which means that NGINX got the remained 23%.image03

Regionally, PHP application servers’ distribution differs a bit from the overall results in some of the countries - Mexico got the largest share of Apache users (97%), and Luxembourg became the country with the highest NGINX usage rate again - 41%.image16

The accurate percentage is presented below:image07

Ruby Application Servers

The Ruby application server market is stable as ever and hasn’t changed even in a single percent since the last time: Apache - 12% and NGINX - 88%.image21

Such countries as Australia, India, South Africa, Italy and Spain haven’t used Ruby even once since the beginning of 2016 and thus aren’t represented within the graph below. Among others, 11 countries gave their preferences to NGINX with the 100% ratio, while for Apache the highest reached point is 50% in Luxembourg.image04

Explore the details in the next spreadsheet:image08

Java Versions

Nothing too special has happened in Java engines preferences - traditionally, Java 7 was chosen more often than other versions (62%). Java 6 rose its share with 2%, making it equal to 21%, and Java 8 got the same 17% as the last time.image18

The local distribution for today is the following: Java 7 dominates in almost each region, with the largest share in South Africa - 80%. The biggest Java 6 popularity (48%) was noticed in Finland, whilst in Australia developers prefer Java 8  (37%).image25

The particular values are listed below:image30

PHP Versions

As it was promised last time, today we include the latest PHP 7 engine statistics to our overview, aimed to help you to track the current trends and predict the future versions’ popularity. Beside that, the noticeable changes have affected the PHP engines market: though still remaining the most popular option, PHP 5.4 has lost 15% of the share, holding only 54% part for now. This opened the possibility for other versions to catch up: PHP 5.6 got 18%, PHP 5.3 - 15% and PHP 5.5 gained 10%. As for the PHP 7, this quarter it was used by only 3% of users, which, however, is still a good result considering that it was just added.image28

As for the PHP engines’ regional distribution, the following countries can be separated:

  • Luxembourg has the highest percent of PHP 5.4 usage - 84%
  • in South Africa, developers prefer PHP 5.6 the most - 46%
  • the most notable usage of PHP 5.5 was observed in Australia this time - 29%
  • the majority of PHP 5.3 fans live in Finland - 29%
  • herewith, the USA leads in the new PHP 7 engine’s utilization - 6%image06

The detailed output is presented in the form of a table below:image09

Ruby Versions

Changes in the Ruby versions’ sharing are also significant. The pretty big percentage of Ruby 1.9.3 share has dropped, so it decreased in more than three times and constitutes only 6% for now. Herewith, Ruby 2.0.0 has conquered another 14% of the market, thus currently it controls more than a half of it - 54%. It’s closest concurrent is Ruby 2.2.x with 32%. And the remained 8% belongs to Ruby 2.1.x version.image26

As it was mentioned above, five countries were excluded from the statistics, so it is presented only for those ones, who have used Ruby in the first quarter of 2016. Ruby 2.0.0 was the only choice in four different regions, and Ruby 2.2.x - in three of them (you can find these countries on the graph below). For Ruby 2.1.x, the highest rate of 50% was noticed in Kazakhstan, and the same ratio got Ruby 1.9.3 in Poland.image29

Examine the following spreadsheet for additional information:image17

Python Versions

Python market wasn’t changed much: the only difference is 1%, that Python 3.5 has managed to fought from the undoubted leader - Python 2.7, so they got 6% and 87% respectively. Python 3.4 share remained unchanged - 7%, whilst Python 3.3 unfortunately didn’t get a single percent of user’s choices.image27

Excluding 6 countries, that haven’t used Python at all during the analyzed period, the regional statistics shows the next results:

  • Python 2.7 hit the highest mark of 100% usage for 9 times in different countries
  • Python 3.4 rates did not overcome the 33% limit, but it has been reached twice - in Germany and Japan
  • popularity of Python 3.5 is even less - only 22 % in the Netherlands, whilst the only country to use Python 3.3 is the USA (5%)image15

The exact percentage for each country can be checked in the following table:image10

Node.js Versions

Another new member of our statistic is the Node.js engines’ distribution, that, we assume, you are interesting in. So, let’s dive right into the numbers: currently, the most popular choice is Node.js 0.10 with 53% of choices; the next is Node.js 4.x, which is not far behind with its 42%. The last place goes for Node.js 0.12 - only 5% of users have selected it.

The next time, we are also going to include the data on the most recent Node.js 5.x version usage as well.

image23Regionally, we’ve excluded Japan, Australia, Luxembourg and Spain, as at these countries Node.js wasn’t used at all. Among the other ones, the highest rate was gained by Node.js 0.10  in Kazakhstan and Malaysia (both gave 100% of choices to it). As for the Node.js 4.x, its top plank was 69% in Russia, whilst Node.js 0.12 has scored 33% in Finland.image12

As usual, the details can be found in the chart below:image00

Docker Top 10

To finish our statistics’ overview, let’s reveal the list of Docker images, that have been demanded the most during the analyzed period.image19

Comparing the obtained results with the preceding ones, the ubuntu image steadily holds the top line in our top-list. Herewith, the images down the rating were pushed back by the new racing participants, which have occupied the rest of leading positions: mongo, baoqi and hmp. In the end of the list, we can find the already familiar ubuntu-upstart (8th), debian (10th) and the newly added pga-db image at the 9th place.


The 2016 has started pretty intensively - we can notice rather big changes in PHP and Java distribution ratio (in particular, Java popularity restoration after the drop down in 2015), PHP and Ruby engines preferences’ changes and, of course, influence of the new stacks inclusion. Will this become the normal states of affair or will everything just return to the last year confines? Subscribe to our blog and you’ll get to know this among the first ones with our next articles on the software stacks market sharing.

Good luck and hope to see you the next time!